Crommelin, D., Stolk, P., Besancon, L., Shah, V., Midha, K., Leufkens, H.G.M. (2010) Pharmaceutical sciences in 2020. Nature Reviews Drug Discovery; 9: 99-100
By 2020, current scientific, business and social challenges and developments — such as R&D productivity, increased regulatory stringency and ageing populations — are likely to substantially affect many aspects of the pharmaceutical sciences. Here, we present four potential future scenarios based on discussions with experts in the pharmaceutical sciences, industry, regulation and society to identify the most crucial driving forces that might affect the evolution of the pharmaceutical sciences.